Biden imposes new international law obligations on countries that receive military assistance from the United States

Anjali Jain
Israeli infantry soldiers train with light weapons outside the Tze'elim base in southern Israel near the Gaza Strip on November 20, 2023. A new U.S. security memorandum attaches requirements for countries receiving military to certify their compliance with international law

A national security memorandum has been issued by President Joe Biden, which mandates that foreign governments that are recipients of U.S. military aid furnish written confirmation that the aid will be utilized in adherence to international law.
The White House’s Friday demand for increased accountability coincides with Biden’s heightened criticism of Israel’s military campaign in Gaza, which he described as “excessive” last week in reference to the ongoing assault on Hamas.
Although Biden’s ultimatum did not target a particular nation, its timing was significant due to the apprehensions expressed by legislators concerning Israel’s Gaza operation in the wake of mounting allegations of genocide.

Senator Chris Van Hollen, D-Md., introduced a budget amendment a year ago that would have similarly mandated compliance with international law for military aid. However, he has since retracted that proposal in response to Vice President Biden’s directive.
“The president has now incorporated all of these crucial elements of the amendment into the national security memorandum,” he stated.
Van Hollen and over a dozen Democratic legislators applauded Biden’s most recent action, stating that it would impose additional human rights safeguards on the government of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.
“Because we succeeded in getting the provisions of the amendment adopted as a matter of U.S. government policy, we will no longer be seeking a vote on the amendment because we’ve accomplished our goal now with the assistance of the president and the administration,” Van Hollen explained.
An additional military aid and border security package fails in the U.S. Senate.
Biden’s action comes eighteen weeks after the Palestinian militant organization Hamas launched a surprise attack against Israel on October 7, which prompted the Israeli military to launch an all-out invasion of Gaza.
An estimated 28,000 Palestinians, including Hamas militants, have been killed as a consequence of the operation thus far, the Gaza Ministry of Health reported on Saturday.
Biden mandated that one hundred governments procuring weaponry from the United States furnish “credible and reliable written assurances” substantiating adherence to international legal norms.
Additionally, foreign governments are obligated to ensure the transportation of humanitarian assistance from the United States to civilian populations impacted by conflicts, and to provide periodic updates on the situation to both Congress and the White House.
There is a 180-day deadline for U.S. allies to affix their signatures to the assurances. Those engaged in active hostilities, including Israel and Ukraine, have only forty-five days to adhere.
According to Biden’s directive, in the event that compliance challenges arise, a strategy must be executed to effectively tackle and rectify the situation.
“Such remediation could include actions from refreshing the assurances to suspending any further transfers of defense articles or, as appropriate, defense services,” according to the memorandum.
Israel has been the primary beneficiary of U.S. military aid since 1950, receiving an estimated $3.8 billion annually from Washington. This places Israel at the forefront of recipients of such funding on a global scale.

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Hello, I'm Anjali Jain, a passionate writer navigating the dynamic realms of entertainment, politics, and technology. My blog serves as a digital canvas where I explore the intricate threads that weave together these diverse spheres, offering readers a comprehensive and engaging perspective. Entertainment Aficionado: As an avid consumer of all things entertainment, I delve into the worlds of movies, television, music, and more. Through my blog, I share insightful analyses, reviews, and behind-the-scenes glimpses into the ever-evolving landscape of pop culture. Political Explorer: I'm not one to shy away from the complexities of the political arena. From local issues to global affairs, my writings aim to unravel the intricacies of political events, fostering meaningful conversations about the societal impact of policy decisions. Tech Enthusiast: With an insatiable curiosity for technology, I keep my readers abreast of the latest innovations and trends in the tech world. My articles break down complex concepts, making technology accessible and exploring its profound influence on our daily lives. Narrative Architect: Through my writing, I craft narratives that bridge the gap between entertainment, politics, and technology. Each blog post is a journey, offering readers a thought-provoking exploration of the forces shaping our world. Join me in unraveling the stories that define our culture. Connect with me on Facebook, Instagram and X for real-time updates, discussions, and a shared passion for the fascinating intersection of entertainment, politics, and tech.
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