ELECTRIFYING AND ENLIGHTENING INDIA : A BRIEF DETAILS ON GOI SCHEMES
Looking at the satellite imagery of the globe at night, vast portions of the West and Asia are illuminated in a shimmering network of lights, while certain areas of the Global South are still veiled in shadow. Global electrification has been an unequal process that has taken place in many rural areas, especially in Africa. Many of these differences have deep origins dating back to colonial days before grid plans were built, and then choices were taken on who could benefit from these services and who would be disqualified. This article traces the process of electrification in the British Empire, and in particular in its rural areas, from the late nineteenth century to the present. Government of India schemes and their brief history to ELECTRIFYING AND ENLIGHTENING INDIA
Rural Electrification Schemes
Minimum Needs Program (Launched in Vth Plan)
100% loans for last mile connectivity ,Discontinued in 2004-05 because of lack of response from States.
Kutir Jyoti Program (Launched in 1988-89)
Single point connection to BPL Households.100% grant. Merged with AREP in 2002 and now with RGGVY.
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY) (Launched in 2000-01)
90% Loan, 10% grant. Discontinued in 2005 with launch of RGGVY.
Accelerated Rural Electrification Program (AREP) (Launched in 2002)
Interest subsidy of 4%. Merged with AEP §
Accelerated Electrification Program AEP: (Launched in 2004)
AEP of one lakh villages and one crore households. 40% capital subsidy 60% loan.
Stages of electrification
Stage I (1950 to 1965)
Only 3061 villages were electrified till 1950-51 planned electrification of villages taken up with the main objective of providing electricity as a social amenity- (More than 45,000 villages covered.) §
Stage II (1966-1980)
Mid Sixties- focus on the role of electricity as development input with a
primary objective of energizing pump sets-
(More than 2 lakh villages and more than one crore pump sets energized) §
Stage III (1981 to 1990)
Decade of Eighties- RE seen as a tool for correcting regional inequalities
(More than 2.20 lakh villages electrified, around 43 lakh pump sets energized)
Stage IV (1991 to 2003)
A decade of the Nineties – Deteriorating financial conditions of SEBs broke the tempo of rural electrification. Emphasis on improving system efficiencies rather than extensive coverage. Only 44,000 villages electrified
Stage V (2004 onwards)
Specific program for Household electrification rather than village electrification as the new focus of RE program
India declared 100% electrified on 31st Mar 2018. With 18532 villages electrified between 2014-2018
Urban Electrification Schemes
IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY AND RELIABILITY OF SUPPLY
IMPROVEMENT IN CONSUMER SATISFACTION
ELECTRIFYING AND ENLIGHTENING INDIA