Is the Education system is a myth for tribal ones?
Is the Indian education system is like a bureaucratic system for tribal people?
Are we living in a democratic country?
By- Karishma Sharma

Nobody knows what tribes we came from or what our tribal inheritance is or what the mysteries
were in the woods where the people lived that we came from. All we know is that we do not
.-Ernest Hemingway,

Well, I would like to start with the known case, the case is related to Nandabai, 25, belonging to
the Bhil tribe, a Scheduled Tribe in Maharashtra. She was brutally beaten, kicked, and stripped,
and then she was compelled for the parade and walked naked on the village road, over an illicit
relationship with a man from an upper caste.

The four accused were convicted by the Additional Sessions Judge, Ahmednagar, under different
Sections of the Indian Penal Code and sentenced to rigorous imprisonment for the period of six
months as well as one year, and three months in three instances and also they required to pay the
fine in each.

“India has the largest tribal population in the world. Tribal’s number is approximately 8.6
percent of its total population. They are also among the countries most marginalized,”

What is in India’s political system that stops the tribal voice/Rights/ Participitation?

In Comparison with the literacy rates of 29.34% for the general population, the literacy rate
among the tribal peoples in India is at most 6%.
  • Tribal voices were almost absent from the electoral discourse of 2019. Their presence in clumping manner and in the interiors, they are not considered as the part of our everyday electoral discussions.
  • Their participation in the politics of democracy is also not much enough or it is equally distributed. The development of political leadership that will occur among the tribal communities which has not been horizontal, but it is vertical.

Problems of Tribal Education?

There are many critical issues and problems that create hindrance in the field of tribal education.

The medium of language

Language is one of the important constraints of tribal
children which prevents them access to education. II.
The Location of the Village – The physical barriers creates a hindrance for the children
of a tribal village to attend the school in a neighboring village.

Economic Condition – The economic situation of tribal people is very poor that they do
not have expectation to spare their children or their labor power and allow them to attend
schools for education purpose.
The attitude of the parents – As education does not yield any immediate economic
return, the tribal parents prefer to engage their children in remunerative employment
which supplements the family income

Government Policies and Programme for Tribal Education

Tribal Sub‐Plan Strategy (TSP) was implemented with the help of Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. TSP was based on twin objectives thwart is related to the socio‐economic development and protection against exploitation. It was generally implemented in the areas where the Scheduled Tribe population was more than 50 percent of the total population.

  • The PESA (The Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 in fact, has made it mandatory for the States having scheduled areas to make specific provisions for giving wide-ranging along with the powers that is provided to the tribes on the matters relating to decision-making and development of their community and livelihood.
  • Education as a vehicle for social mobility. The Janshala Programme is a collaborative effort of the Government of India (GOI) and five UN Agencies – UNDP, UNICEF, UNESCO, ILO, and UNFPA –a community based primary education program, aims to make primary education more accessible and effective, especially for girls and children in deprived communities, marginalized groups, Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribes/minorities, children with a specific need.

Some criteria for impoverishment of tribal education are as follows:

Literacy campaign –
Ø Proper awareness campaign – It should be organized to create awareness about the importance of education. The broad literacy campaigns in the tribal-dominated by the districts which may be undertaken on a priority basis to literate the tribal.
Ø Attitude of the tribal parents – The attitude of the tribal parents toward education should be improved through proper counseling and guidance.
Ø Relevant study materials in local languages – All study materials should be supplied in the
local languages of tribes.
Ø Appointment of Local teachers and female teachers – It is suggested to appoint more tribal teachers and female teachers in the tribal areas. The ecological, cultural, psychological feature of tribal children should be considered carefully by the teachers in tribal areas.
Ø Stipends and various scholarships – Since higher education among the tribes is less, special ST scholarships should be provided to the tribal students perusing higher education, particularly in medical, engineering, and other vocational streams.

“We should judge results, not by statistics or the amount of money spent,
but by the quality of human character that is evolved”.
Jawaharlal Nehru, 195


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