Cholesterol is a substance that the liver produces that is essential for forming some hormones, cell membranes, and Vitamin D in your body. Having cholesterol in your body is vital, but only to a certain level. High cholesterol is often a silent beast that can destroy your body as its symptoms are not very noticeable.
High cholesterol levels are usually higher in people who suffer from obesity, high blood pressure or are generally unhealthy.
Diagnosing high cholesterol
High cholesterol has no symptoms per se, but if it remains unchecked, it can lead to trips to the emergency. The test to check your cholesterol and liver functionality is a lipid profile. For that, you can book an appointment with the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Islamabad.
A lipid profile is a blood test that checks the following:
● Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) – the bad cholesterol
● High-density lipoprotein (HDL) – the good cholesterol
● Triglycerides – a kind of fat that travels in your blood
The ideal level of blood cholesterol is 200 mg/dL and, any number above 240mg/dL signifies a high level of cholesterol.
How to control high cholesterol?
High cholesterol levels can put you at risk for stroke, heart attack, cancer, and many other diseases. If cholesterol level remains high for a long time, it can be fatal. Here are a few things that can help in the prevention of high cholesterol:
● Physical Activity
Being physically active is essential for a healthy body and lifestyle. Exercise keeps your body moving and helps you maintain a good weight. Aim to exercise for at least 150 minutes or 2.5 hours. It can elevate your heart rate and reduce cholesterol and risk for diabetes.
● Eat healthy food
Taking a healthy diet is the key to maintaining a good body mass index and having good fats in your body. Avoid trans and saturated fats. Go for food that has more fiber, vegetables, nuts, and fish. Adding healthy fats to your diet is the trick.
● Beat obesity
Obesity can be the root cause of many problems including, high cholesterol and heart disease. Keep a balanced routine of diet and exercise and stay consistent. Even if you’re not obese and slightly overweight, try to shed off the extra pounds. It can lower your cholesterol and save you from many other diseases.
● Give up smoking
Simply put, smoking is cancerous. Moreover, it can clog your arteries by making cholesterol thicker. Hence, smoking makes it easier for it to clog your arteries. Inhaling smoke can drop the oxygen level in your body. It may be a difficult habit to quit but, that may be the best thing you do for your heart, lungs, and of course, cholesterol.
Now that you know what cholesterol can do to you, it is best to monitor and manage it. Adults above the age of 20 should get their lipid profile done every 4 to 6 years. Those with a family history of cholesterol or other risk factors may want to get it done annually in their routine checkup. Consult the Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi and get the right diet plan and lifestyle modifications to get your cholesterol back on track.