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Kathmandu3 hours ago

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Acting Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli in Nepal gave a major blow to the Supreme Court on Tuesday. The court quashed Ollie’s decision to dissolve parliament. Also directed to restore the House of Representatives. The court has ordered a house session of 275 MPs within 13 days. Now Ollie must prove his majority in Parliament. It is difficult for him to do so, as most of the party’s MPs are against Oli.

A political crisis arose in Nepal on 20 December. Parliament was dissolved by President Vidya Devi Bhandari on the recommendation of Prime Minister Oli. Oli took this decision amid the ongoing tussle for power within the ruling party. His move sparked protests in large part by the Nepal Communist Party led by his rival Pushp Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’. Oli has repeatedly defended the decision to dissolve the House of Representatives, saying that some leaders of his party are trying to form a parallel government.

Appointments in constitutional bodies also canceled
The Supreme Court has canceled all appointments made by Oli to the Constitutional bodies after being dissolved as acting Prime Minister after the dissolution of Parliament. The court quashed the ordinance that Ollie had passed for these appointments. Any constitutional body has a meeting to appoint. Oli passed the ordinance to bypass it.

13 petitions were filed against Oli’s decision
Separate 13 petitions were filed in the Nepali Supreme Court against the decision to dissolve Parliament. A constitutional bench of 5 judges of the Supreme Court was hearing this. A 5-member constitutional bench headed by Cholendra Shamsher Rana ruled. During a debate in the Supreme Court last Friday, 5 lawyers appearing for the amicus curiae had said that Prime Minister Oli’s decision to dissolve the House was unconstitutional.

The reason behind dissolution of parliament

  • Ollie struggled with the challenge of leadership in his own party. There was increasing pressure on him to quit the post of party president and prime minister. He was pressured to withdraw an ordinance associated with the Constitutional Council Act. It was released on December 15 last year. The same day it was approved by President Vidya Devi Bhandari.
  • Since then, former Prime Minister Pushp Kamal Dahal and Madhav were pressurizing Nepal Oli, apart from the opposing leaders of his party. After this ordinance, the Prime Minister will not need the approval of Parliament and the opposition in constitutional appointments. Senior leaders of Oli’s party had appealed to the President to withdraw the ordinance.
  • The MPs had applied to the President to call a special session of Parliament. After this, there was agreement that the MPs would withdraw the application to call the session and withdraw the Oli Ordinance. However, Ollie had instead recommended dissolution of Parliament.

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