Highlights and PDF Downloads | राष्ट्रीय शिक्षा नीति- 2020

Why in discussion?

Recently, the Central Government has approved the ‘National Education Policy – 2020’. The new education policy will replace the 34-year-old ‘National Education Policy, 1986’ [National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986].

Download policy document from official site https://www.mhrd.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mhrd/files/NEP_Final_English_0.pdf


key points of New Education Policy 2020:

  • Education Policy -2020 focuses on issues like access, equality, quality, affordable education and accountability of education.
  • Former ISRO (ISRO) Chief Dr. K. K. A committee was formed under the chairmanship of Kasturirangan, this committee presented the ‘National Education Policy Draft’ in May 2019.
  • The ‘National Education Policy (NEP), 2020’ will be the third education policy of independent India after the year 1968 and 1986.
  • Under the NEP-2020, the education sector has been targeted to invest equal to 6% of the country’s GDP in collaboration with the central and state governments.
  • The new education policy calls for dividing the educational curriculum on the basis of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system in place of the currently active 10 + 2 educational model.
  • Emphasis has been given to promote the use of technology for technical education, removing linguistic constraints, facilitating education for disabled students, etc.
  • This education policy emphasizes on encouraging creative thinking, logical decision making and innovation among students.
  • For children of 3 to 6 years: Access to free, safe, high quality ECCE at Anganwadis /Pre school/ Balvatika.

Foundational Learning Curriculum for age group of 3-8 divided in two parts:

Highlights of New Education Policy 2020

  • From age 3-6 in ECCE.
  • Prior to the age of 5 every child will move to a “Preparatory Class” or “Balvatika” (that is, before Class 1).
  • Age 6 to 8, Grade 1-2: Foundational Stage.
  • Age 8-11, Grades 3-5: Preparatory Stage, play, discovery, and activity based and interactive classroom learning.
  • Age 11-14, Grade 6-8: Middle Stage, experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.
  • Age 14-18, Grade 9-12: Secondary Stage, multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects.
  • Medium of instruction upto grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond, will be home language/ mother tongue/ local language.
  • Beginning with Mathematics, all subjects to be offered at 2 levels.School students will have 10 bag-less days during which they are taught a vocation of their choice (informal internship)

MHRD Changes – New Education Policy 2020

  • The Cabinet has also approved the renaming of ‘Ministry of Human Resource Development- MHRD’ to ‘Ministry of Education’ (Education Ministry).
  • The renaming of MHRD to ‘Ministry of Education’ under NEP-2020 aims to attract more attention to ‘Education and Learning’ again.

The Cabinet has also approved the renaming of ‘Ministry of Human Resource Development- MHRD’ to ‘Ministry of Education’ (Education Ministry).
The renaming of MHRD to ‘Ministry of Education’ under NEP-2020 aims to attract more attention to ‘Education and Learning’ again.

You can refer more details from governement site https://www.mhrd.gov.in/

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