Sclerotherapy: A varicose vein is a condition where the veins of the legs get enlarged and twisted, giving an unpleasant appearance. Varicose veins generally do not cause any difficulties or discomfort. However, in severe cases, they may cause problems walking or pain while standing for a prolonged time.
Sclerotherapy is an in-office procedure for spider vein removal and treatment of varicose veins. It is a minimally invasive, simple, and quick procedure. A single sclerotherapy session lasts for not more than 30 minutes; in severe cases, it may last up to 1 hour or more.
The procedure involves injecting the affected veins. The solution contained in the injection forces the blood to get redirected to healthier veins, and the affected veins eventually collapse and get absorbed by the nearby healthy tissues. Sclerotherapy is a treatment of choice; it is highly effective in treating varicose and spider veins. Moreover, secondary health issues arising from varicose veins like swelling, pain, numbness, burning sensation, and itching also get resolved after sclerotherapy.
What happens to the affected veins after sclerotherapy?
In the procedure, the doctor injects a saline solution along with a sclerosant, the blood in the vein then gets distributed to healthier veins, and the sclerosant does not allow blood to pass through the vein. Eventually, it leads to the collapse of the veins, and later, it gets absorbed by the surrounding tissues. Therefore, the time required by the body to absorb the treated vein is the time needed for an individual to observe results.
How effective is sclerotherapy?
Sclerotherapy is a permanent cure for varicose veins and spider veins. A person opting for sclerotherapy observes immediate relief in the discomfort they face due to varicose veins.
The tissue surrounding the varicose veins requires some time to absorb the treated vein. Once the veins have been absorbed, the patient has completely recovered from varicose veins.
However, it has been reported that 10% of the patients who underwent sclerotherapy did not observe any change in their condition. Therefore, in such cases, the patient should opt for other methods of varicose veins removal.
What other options are available for treating varicose veins?
If a patient has not observed any changes after undergoing sclerotherapy, they can opt for other non-invasive methods for treating varicose veins; these are as follows:
A laser is used to send small bursts of light to the affected veins, these burn off the vein, and the vein fades away slowly. No injections or incisions are required.
High ligation and vein stripping.
The affected vein is tied before it joins a deep and removed. The treatment requires making small incisions in the skin to remove the vein.
Removal of varicose veins surgically with the help of tiny punctures in the skin. The doctor only numbs the region of the body being treated.
Endoscopic veins surgery.
The surgeon surgically removes the varicose veins in endoscopic vein surgery. This procedure is advised only when other options fail Or when the severity of the situation is very intense, like the formation of an ulcer.
How long does sclerotherapy last?
A question many patients have is, “How long does sclerotherapy last?” While the procedure doesn’t require anesthesia, patients may experience some minor pain and swelling along the vein. Additionally, there is a possibility of swelling and bruising after treatment. However, this pain is minor and will subside with time. It is also important to remember that the effects of sclerotherapy are not permanent. New veins can develop in the same spot so that repeat procedures are necessary.